SMF - Just Installed!
ซื้อขายสินค้าออนไลน์ฟรี ลงขายของฟรี รับโปรโมทสินค้า รับติดแบนเนอร์
ซื้อขายสินค้าออนไลน์ฟรี 24 ชม. ลงประกาศขาย โฆษณาฟรี!! (กรุณาโพสต์ให้ถูกหมวดหมู่)
ซื้อขายอสังหาริมทรัพย์ รับเหมาก่อสร้าง ตกแต่งบ้าน ช่างซ่อม
Updated Valemax Blog
Updated Valemax Blog
ขายสินค้าออนไลน์, ขายฟรี, รับโฆษณาสินค้า, ลงประกาศฟรี, ซื้อขายฟรี
Updated Valemax Blog
พฤศจิกายน 25, 2021, 12:00:29 AM »
Seagoing Bulk Carriers: Use and General Use
The work of sea-going bulk carriers was fraught with dangers. Important shipboard issues require cautious planning and prudence. This site serves as an easy reference for the international shipping industry . It also offers guidance and details on loading and discharging bulk cargo types. These restrictions are established by the classification societies. It is essential to reduce the chance of stressing ship's structures and comply with all safety guidelines to ensure safe passage at sea. The details pages of bulk carriers are filled with information that may be helpful to those who work at the terminal as well as those who work aboard.
General features for bulk ships that travel by sea.
Bulk carriers may be single deck vessels. They are equipped with top-side tanks and hopper side tanks. These tanks are used in cargo areas. They are designed to carry bulk bulk materials. Solid bulk cargo is any material other than gas or liquids made up of a mix of particles and granules. It is able to be loaded directly into cargo spaces without any form of confinement. Dry cargo includes sugar, grain and bulk ores. In the broadest sense of the word the term "bulk carrier" includes all vessels that are designed to carry liquid or solid cargo in bulk form that is, for example, tankers. However, in normal usage, the term is usually used to describe vessels that carry bulk cargoes consisting of solid items, such as grain and other agricultural products and minerals items like coal ore, stone or coal on one or several voyage legs. Peruse this
info for more.
What Is A Bulk-Transport?
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
-Carrying capability ranging from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000.
-Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
small to medium sized bulk carriers (carrying capacities up to 40000 tonnes) typically come with cargo handling equipment with larger vessels. Larger vessels use facilities on the shore for loading and unloading
Cargo hold dimensions are usually vast with no obstructions. They also come with larger hatches that enable easy loading and unloading.
A single cargo hold is generally classified as an ballast storage. This can be used to improve stability on ballast journeys. To partially ballast the voyage, two or three additional holds might be allowed, however they only in ports.
They have single pull, hydraulic or stacking (piggy- back) steel hatch covers
Four types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks
Are you searching for solid bulk cargo? Anything other than gasoline or liquid made up of a mixture or granules of smaller pieces, uniform in composition and loaded directly into cargo space. It is essential to make sure that all cargoes are ready for loading, regardless of whether they're "clean" or "dirty", and that there isn't any contamination. Cleanliness must be appropriate for the item to be loaded and will usually require a surveyor to pass the space as suitable to load. To avoid contamination, it is vital that any residue left behind from a previous cargo are eliminated. Water is the main cause of destruction to bulk cargoes. It is crucial that storage areas are dry in order to allow cargo. Hatch covers should also be watertight in order to stop water from entering. All fittings inside the storage area (ladders and pipes guards, bilge covers, etc.) should be inspected. should be examined to make sure they are in good shape and are securely installed. This equipment can cause serious damages and delay to conveyor belts. Unintentionally discharged cargo could result in the ship being held responsible. Click over to this
site for more.
Bulk Carrier, Bulker? The vessel is designed to transport dry cargo. The conventional bulk carrier is built with only a single deck and skin. Bulk carriers are built to transport bulk goods of any size and weight, whether light or heavy and carry a maximum capacity of 450 lbs. The loading, carriage and then the discharge of dry bulk cargo is not as simple or straight forward as most people think.
Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes have dangerous properties, and they can alter their properties after passage. Improper loading could cause damage to the ship, e.g. There is a possibility for a ship to bow when it is not properly loaded. This is known as "stress?" could cause life-threatening consequences at sea in rough weather. In addition, leftovers from prior cargoes may be a significant threat to the future cargoes. Some bulk cargoes can also be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It can be challenging to establish the exact weights and quantities of cargoes being loaded and being unloaded. These factors can have serious effects on how bulk cargoes are transported safely. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes have an inherent tendency to form a cone whenever they are loaded, if conveyor belts or similar systems aren't supervised and monitored. The angle created by the cone is known as the angle of repose. It differs from one cargo to the next. Iron ore cargoes, however have an angled cone that is steep. Cargoes that flow unimpeded will form smaller cones. The low angles of repose may cause the cargo to shift in transportation. Bulldozers may need to be utilized for certain cargoes to distribute the load across the sides of the holding as the cargo is close to completion. Dry bulk carriers rely on the shoreline facilities to load and discharge cargo, but bulk carriers are also able to self-unload with conveyors or cranes on deck.
SMF © 2016